Prince Albert Kamehameha, May 20, 1858-August 27, 1862

Prince Albert was born on May 20, 1858 at the residence of Ihikapukalani, which his father had built for his mother. As Crown Prince and heir apparent to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i, he was named ‘His Royal Highness, the Prince of Hawai‘i’ by the Privy Council on May 24, 1858. He was the only son of Kamehameha IV and Queen Emma, who, during his short life, was adored by the Native Hawaiian public, and was affectionately known as Ka Haku O Hawai‘i (the Lord of Hawai‘i). His birth was celebrated for many days throughout the islands. He was the last ever to be born from any reigning Hawaiian monarch.

He was given the Hawaiian name, Kauikeaouli Kaleiopapa, after his adoptive grandfather, Kauikeaouli, who reigned as Kamehameha III. Translated from the Hawaiian language, it meant “the beloved child of a long line of chiefs, a sign in the heavens.” He was named Albert Edward in honor of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, the future King Edward VII of the United Kingdom. Despite the great differences in their kingdoms, Queen Emma and Queen Victoria became lifelong friends.

Prince Albert, during his lifetime, was also made an honorary member of Fire Engine Company Number Four in Honolulu, Hawaii, and was given his own Company Four red uniform. It was said that the Prince would rather have become a fireman. His four birthdays were national holidays.

In August 1862, the usually serene child became restless and his medical condition worsened. Both Kamehameha IV and Queen Emma made a personal request to Queen Victoria to send a bishop from the Anglican Church to baptize the Prince. As the child grew sicker, the American minister, Ephraim W. Clark, from Kawaiaha‘o Church, baptized the child on August 23rd. The Episcopal liturgy was used, with the British Commissioner, Webb Follett Synge, standing in for the godparents. The Prince died on August 27, 1862, at the palace, four days after his baptism. His funeral was held on September 27, 1862.

The King ordered the construction of the Royal Mausoleum in Nu‘uanu Valley to house his son’s body. Today the Mausoleum is the “burial site” for most of the members of the Hawaiian royal family.

REFERENCE: George S. Kanahele (1999), “Emma: Hawaii’s Remarkable Queen: A Bibliography.”  University of Hawaii Press