Advent 1 – Sunday, December 2nd, 2018 – Michael and All Angels

While reading this meditation, ponder: Have you ever encountered “Angels” real or imagined? How do angels convey God’s message to us and the world?  If you wish, use the space at the bottom of the page to share your thoughts and experiences with others.

A meditation by James Kiefer

On the Feast of Michael and all Angels, popularly called Michaelmas, we give thanks for the many ways in which God’s loving care watches over us, both directly and indirectly, and we are reminded that the richness and variety of God’s creation far exceeds our knowledge of it.

The Holy Scriptures often speak of created intelligences other than humans who worship God in heaven and act as His messengers and agents on earth. We are not told much about them, and it is not clear how much of what we are told is figurative. Jesus speaks of them as rejoicing over penitent sinners (Luke 15:10). Elsewhere, in a statement that has been variously understood (Matthew 18:10), He warns against misleading a child, because their angels behold the face of God. (Acts 12:15 may refer to a related idea.)

diptych of the Archangel MichaelIn the Hebrew Scriptures, it is occasionally reported that someone saw a man who spoke to him with authority, and who he then realized was no mere man, but a messenger of God. Thus we have a belief in super-human rational created beings, either resembling men in appearance or taking human appearance when they are to communicate with us. They are referred to as “messengers of God,” or simply as “messengers.” The word for a messenger in Hebrew is malach, in Greek, angelos, from which we get our word “angel” [Digression: angelion means “message, news” and euangelion means “good news = goodspell = gospel,” from which we get our word “evangelist” used to mean a preacher of the Good News of salvation, and, more narrowly, one of the four Gospel-writers: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.]

By the time of Christ, Jewish popular belief included many specifics about angels, with names for many of them. There were thought to be four archangels, named Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, and Uriel. An alternative tradition has seven archangels (see Tobit 12:15 and 1 Enoch 20). Sometimes each archangel is associated with one of the seven planets of the Ptolemaic system (the moon, Mercury, Venus, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn). Michael is associated with Saturn and Uriel with the Sun. The other pairings I forget, but I believe that you will find a list in the long narrative poem called “The Golden Legend,” by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. (I believe that a pairing is also offered in the opening chapters of the Proof of the Apostolic Preaching, by Irenaeus of Lyons, but I have not the work at hand.)

Read more of this lesson here.

A lesson from “The Lectionary” A collection of Lectionary resources for the Episcopal Church.

One thought on “Advent 1 – Sunday, December 2nd, 2018 – Michael and All Angels

  1. “Super human rational beings”–the idea of being super human and yet rational makes me stop, look, listen–this message is something I need to heed…but how and when will I know this event needs my attention?…I slow down, ponder each day in Advent; become patient and child-like listening to beautiful Noels–“one still night in royal David’s city;” “what sweeter music can bring–that turns December into May.” One year ends and another begins– an aging life transcends with Angels towards God’s loving purposes of Advent. Peace.

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